一系列促消费措施助力内需恢复:消费回暖 潜力释放 |伊拉克新增2054例新冠肺炎确诊病例 累计41193例 |王一博用纸牌为“陈宇”应援 短发造型帅气十足 |印度一家照相馆推出人脸照片口罩 已有医生护士下单 |中国竞彩网德甲情报:霍村连战连捷 两名前锋缺阵 |中国竞彩网意甲情报:都灵近10次交锋不败 客战较弱 |美国连续三天刷新确诊增长纪录 |中国足彩网竞彩31日韩职推荐:首尔FC坐和望赢 |北京今天下午这些路段将进行临时交通管制 |扬言用恶狗对付示威者后 特朗普又威胁州长市长 |英冠提醒:伯明翰近6轮比赛5场平局 中后场减员严重 |温格本欲用桑切斯换曼联此人 被拒后才选姆希塔良 |浙江警方怒怼高校奇葩证明:请贵校勿让群众跑冤枉路 |要跑马拉松?看看如何简单提升跑者耐力 |强鹿精英赛风传找到替代 纪念赛场地或连办两场 |
Spray Enhancers

Water Conditioners

Water conditioners are used in areas of hard water, but what function do they perform?

A characteristic of hard water is the high proportion of charged cations (dissolved minerals) that affect the performance of agrochemicals by locking up a proportion of its active ingredients. Water conditioners address this by effectively negating the effect of the cations before the agrochemical is added.

Water conditioners do not directly enhance the performance of an agrochemical, but by improving the properties of water they allow the active ingredient to perform as it is expected to do so.

Glyphosate is a commonly used herbicide, the performance of which is known to be adversely affected by hard water.  Glyphosate binds with the cations in the water to form a strong complex which is not bio-available. Only the remaining unbound glyphosate is fully available to act as a herbicide.

Where a water conditioner is not used its performance can be impaired as a result.

In independent trials, the effectiveness of Roundup Ace when mixed with a hard water containing 380 parts per million (ppm) of CaC03 was found to be improved when the water conditioner X-Change was added.

In addition to addressing the cation imbalance, X-Change offers other beneficial properties.

The pH of the spray solution can also affect chemical efficacy. Spray solutions with a high alkaline score will promote alkaline hydrolysis – where the molecules in the active solution become deactivated – by adding X-Change into the tank first, ahead of the agrochemical the pH is reduced to around 4.6 preventing hydrolysis from occurring.

Alkaline degradation of pesticides is almost always associated with hard water. Many pesticides are less stable in alkaline solution and perhaps the best known example of this is dimethoate. Within 1 hour at pH 9 losses of up to 50% of the active dimethoate originally added to the spray tank are possible.

Speed of hydrolysis measured by half-life (time taken for 50% of product to be hydrolysed)

A third function of a water conditioner, such as X-Change is its humectant properties. Humectancy reduces the rate of chemical crystallisation by slowing the drying process. This gives the plant more time to absorb the active chemical while a hydration sheath prevents surface run-off.

Product Listing

充值送礼海报

mqd4mu4.7779696.cn| mqd4mu4.137yy.cn| mqd4mu4.dcsebx.cn| mqd4mu4.q731.cn| mqd4mu4.dloh.cn| nqd4mu4.y1458.cn|